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Myomectomy

Overview

What is a myomectomy?

A myomectomy, derived from the words myoma (fibroid) and ectomy (to remove), is simply defined as the removal of fibroids from the uterus. When a woman wishes to preserve the ability to bear children and suffers from fibroids, a myomectomy is the preferred procedure as it preserves the uterus as opposed to a hysterectomy.

What are fibroids and where do they grow in the uterus?

Benign fibrous tumors that grow in the muscle layers of the uterus, are termed fibroids. It is important to note that it is a common misconception to believe that fibroids are cancerous. They are not. Fibroids, while considered tumors (swollen masses), are benign (non-cancerous) growths that develop in the uterine muscle. They can grow within the wall of the uterus (myometrium), outside the wall of the uterus, on a stalk and more. The following classifications of fibroids are made, based off of where they are located:

  • Intramural fibroids: fibroids located in the thick wall of the uterus (myometrium).

  • Subserosal fibroids: fibroids located outside the wall of the uterus.

  • Submucosal fibroids: fibroids located beneath the lining of the uterus (endometrium).

  • Intracavity fibroids: fibroids located within the uterine cavity.

  • Cervical fibroids: fibroids located in the cervix, the neck of the uterus.

 

To read more about fibroids and how they are classified, Click Here.

 

How common is it for a myomectomy to be performed in the US?

According to US News Health, about 34,000 myomectomies are performed on women in the U.S. each year [1]. However even more commonly, 200,000 hysterectomies are performed each year in order to treat fibroids. This makes up about ⅓ of hysterectomy cases within the country.


Keywords: Laparoscopic Myomectomy

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