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Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis (DIE)

by Tamer Seckin, MD Endometriosis Excision Surgeon / Seckin Endometriosis Center (SEC)

Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis (DIE)

Our endometriosis specialists work with patients to understand symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for endometriosis.

Introduction

Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis (DIE) is a highly invasive form of endometriosis that is often characterized by rectovaginal nodules (in the space between the vagina and rectum) and disease of the uterosacral ligaments, rectum, rectovaginal septum, vagina, and bladder.

What is Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis (DIE)
This image depicts DIE scar tissue between the obliterated cul-de-sac and outer uterus. As it can be seen, the scar tissue has started to serve as a sort of "glue" between the two organs, which is the first sign of DIE beginning to lead to frozen pelvis.

Causes

When ovarian endometriomas become large enough and invade the wall of the ovaries, they begin to leak and even rupture. When this happens, the thickened blood, inflammatory enzymes and other debris that was contained in these fluid-filled enzymes, spill onto other areas within the abdominal and pelvic cavity. The contents will then adhere to these areas and begin to form the nodules and scar tissue that are often seen in cases of deep infiltrating endometriosis.

Leaking or ruptured endometriomas
Leaking or ruptured endometriomas fill other areas of the body with the “chocolate” like fluid they contain, which goes on to form nodules of DIE in areas outside of the uterus and ovaries

Symptoms

This significant and severe form of endometriosis is strongly associated with high levels of pelvic pain, anatomic distortion, infertility, dysuria, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, and gastrointestinal distress, which may include symptoms that present as irritable bowel.

Treatment

Because DIE is surgically treated through the same procedure as Frozen Pelvis, more information can be seen under Frozen Pelvis (click here).

Ready for a Consultation?

Our endometriosis specialists are dedicated to providing patients with expert care. Whether you have been diagnosed or are looking to find a doctor, they are ready to help.

Our office is located on 872 Fifth Avenue New York, NY 10065.
You may call us at (646) 960-3080 or have your case reviewed by clicking here.


Ovarian Endometrioma (Chocolate cysts)

Ovarian Endometrioma (Chocolate cysts)

by Tamer Seckin, MD Endometriosis Excision Surgeon / Seckin Endometriosis Center (SEC) Ovarian…

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